Altitude Sickness:

Many people are concerned about altitude sickness. Altitude sickness often known as acute mountain sickness (A.M.S.) in general may occur when people ascend too quickly normally in altitudes of over 3000 m. The symptoms of altitude sickness are due to lower air pressure at high altitudes, which results in lower oxygen levels as you breathe the air in. The air is under less pressure and this makes it harder for your body to get the oxygen out of the air and into the circulation. It's this extra strain on the body that causes altitude sickness

The major symptoms of altitude sickness

Initial symptoms

  • 1. Periods of sleeplessness
  • 2. Runny nose.
  • 3. Extra tirednes
  • 4. Occasional loss of appetite.
  • 5. feeling laziness
  • 6. Periodic breathing.
  • 7. Diarrhea
  • Above are normal symptoms which may occur into your body that you should not be worried. Every trekker will experience some or all of these, no matter how slowly they ascend.

    Advance symptoms

  • 1. Dizziness.
  • 2. Racing heartbeat
  • 3. Exhaustion
  • 4. Nausea
  • 5. Weakness
  • 6. Hard to breath
  • 7. Tired
  • 8. Dry Raspy cough
  • 9. Sleeplessness
  • 10. Headache and vomiting
  • When above symptoms occur into your body, these symptoms usually resolve by spending one or two extra nights at the same altitude or using medicine. Even you are resting at the same altitude or using medicine, if symptoms are becoming worse, then it is necessary to descend.

    Serious Symptoms

  • 1. Worsening headache and vomiting
  • 2. Swelling of hands and face
  • 3. Reduced urine output
  • 4. Walking with a staggering gait
  • 5. Confusion
  • 6. Increased tiredness
  • 7. Breathing irregularity
  • 8. Visual hallucinations (seeing things that are not real)
  • 9. Changes in the ability to think
  • 10. Changes in normal behavior
  • If above serious symptoms occur into your body, these extremely dangerous symptoms are called High Altitude Cerebral Edema (or HACE). They can lead to unconsciousness and death within 12 hours. Increasing shortness of breath, cough and tiredness may also be signs of High Altitude Pulmonary Edema or HAPE. HAPE can also be rapidly fatal if ignored.

    Some more method for Preventing of Altitude Illness:

  • 1. Avoid Alcohol
  • 2. Do not use Sleeping pills.
  • 3. Drink plenty of liquids (at least three liters a day)
  • 4. Avoid getting cold.
  • 5. Bring adequate medicine
  • 6. Not ignoring symptoms of altitude sickness if they occur.
  • 7. Walk slowly